Logical reasoning, also known as critical thinking or analytic reasoning, involves one’s ability to isolate and identify the various components of any given argument.
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These skills include:
- Recognizing the parts of an argument and their relationships
- Recognizing similarities and differences between patterns of reasoning
- Drawing well-supported conclusions
- Reasoning by analogy
- Recognizing misunderstandings or points of disagreement
- Determining how additional evidence affects an argument
- Detecting assumptions made by particular arguments
- Identifying and applying principles or rules
- Identifying flaws in arguments
- Identifying explanations
- Read each question carefully. Make sure that you understand the meaning of each part of the question. Make sure that you understand the meaning of each answer choice and the ways in which it may or may not relate to the question posed.
- Do not pick a response simply because it is a true statement. Although true, it may not answer the question posed.
- Answer each question on the basis of the information that is given, even if you do not agree with it. Work within the context provided by the passage.